Hello readers! Today we are going to get into the depths of medication for osteoarthritis. But to get an understanding of the medication, it is essential to understand the disease.
What Is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent type of arthritis. It takes place as a result of thinned-out and worn-down joint cartilage – a protective padding that prevents the bones from rubbing against one another.
Although research is being done to develop a cure for osteoarthritis, there are currently no drugs that can do so. In the meanwhile, drugs for osteoarthritis concentrate on reducing inflammation and discomfort.
The type of treatment required typically depends on the afflicted joints and the intensity of the pain. Diet, exercise, hot or cold packs, over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications, physiotherapy, aids and equipment, and surgery are some examples of possible treatments.
Let's move to types of medication for osteoarthritis:
Numerous medications can reduce osteoarthritis pain. There are several that you can use topically. Some are ingested pills and capsules. Some are injected directly into the joints.
The Most Common Medication Includes:
These medications are used to treat pain but not inflammation. They try to alter the way your body reacts to pain. Acetaminophen, tramadol, and pharmaceutical opioids containing hydrocodone or oxycodone are common alternatives.
Opioids have a history of addiction.
The maximum daily dosage of acetaminophen should be 4,000 milligrams (mg) if you have a healthy liver. Too much might harm the liver or even result in death.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs :
These medications both lessen the pain and the inflammation. Some of the most often prescribed drugs for arthritis are Aspirin, celecoxib, ibuprofen, and naproxen are NSAIDs.
NSAIDs are not addictive or narcotics. They are typically given as pills, although in excess, they can irritate your stomach or make you bleed. Some can also be purchased as lotions to apply to your joints (for instance, Aspercreme).
Some NSAIDs may make you more likely to develop heart disease or a stroke. In fact, it's advised against using NSAIDs if you have an ongoing medical problem like kidney, liver, or heart illness.
These are lotions and ointments that contain menthol or capsaicin, the compound that gives hot peppers their burning sensation.
These may prevent the brain from receiving pain signals from painful joints when applied to them.
Your doctor may prescribe a tablet or inject it directly at the site of your pain. These are potent medications that reduce swelling and suppress the immune system. The effects can be felt in a few days and will last for about two months.
Important Information About Osteoarthritis Medication
If the above drugs are ineffective, your doctor may consider anti-depressants like duloxetine or an opioid prescription.
One vital thing to remember is that all the medication for osteoarthritis can have side effects. Sometimes they can be severe, but mostly they are not. Before taking any medicines, you should always consult a doctor.
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